[OSRS-PROJ] Re: Quick 'how-to' to on PROJ.4

Petri J. Riipinen petri.riipinen at nic.fi
Fri Jul 27 11:49:13 EDT 2001

Precedence: bulk
Reply-To: osrs-proj at remotesensing.org

At 02:24 27.7.2001 , Felipe G. Nievinski wrote:
>On 26/07/01 at 23:44 Petri J. Riipinen wrote:
> >Ok, I almost managed to do it, except that fl_transform returns an error
> >code (100)
> >GPS-measurements:
> >1        6010.570       2455.930      GPS: FINLANDIA-HOUSE
> >2        6012.467       2456.127      GPS: RAILWAY YARD
> >3        6013.045       2458.826      GPS: VIIKKI MUSEUM
> >Do you any idea what might be the problem? Are the values '6010.570' etc in
> >correct form for input to pj_transform?
> >
>Petri, unfortunately I cannot test your transformation, but these values 
>are not in the standard format. Longitude ranges from -180 to +180 
>degrees, so, based on Finland's position, 6010.570 seems to be 60 degrees 
>+ 10.570 minutes =  60,176 degrees (60+10.570/60). The same for 
>latitude:  2455.930 -> 24d55.930' = 24,932d (What's this, Helsinki?)
>Try this.
>hope this helps.

Well, Now I got that part. But my transform-call still fails.

I think that the return status value of '100' comes from a defined macro 
named 'PJD_ERR_GEOCENTRIC' in pj_transform.c-file. There is a comment "/* 
datum system errors */" above the define in projects.h

So, I guess that means that there is something wrong with my 

Here are the settings that I use:
Destination = "+proj=tmerc +lon_0=27 +x_0=3500000 +towgs84=-87,-98,-121 
+ellps=intl +units=m";
Source = "+proj=latlong +datum=WGS84";

The the exact above strings work nicely (when put together) with 'cs2cs' 
program. What's the matter when using them with pj_init() and/or 
pj_transform(), that I can' t understand.

If I use pj_pr_list() to print out the projection definitions, I get:
#Lat/long (Geodetic)
# +proj=latlong +datum=WGS84 +ellps=WGS84 +towgs84=0,0,0

#Transverse Mercator
#       Cyl, Sph&Ell
# +proj=tmerc +lon_0=27 +x_0=3500000 +towgs84=-87,-98,-121 +ellps=intl
# +units=m
#--- following specified but NOT used
# +ellps=WGS84

Any ideas?

- Petri

PS. To recap: I want to translate from GPS (lat/lon) to Finnish KKJ (x,y).
   Petri J. Riipinen
petri.riipinen at nic.fi
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