[Proj] Lat-Lon values under different ellipsoides

Jan Hartmann j.l.h.hartmann at uva.nl
Tue Jan 27 07:55:59 EST 2009

Yes, this works, thanks Frank. I added the same datum definition to both 
input and output proj definitions, and now the transformation is 
correct. One very minor point: if I add the Datums in the form 
+proj=longlat +datum=WGS84 +ellps= ...  +to +proj=longlat +datum=WGS84 
+ellps=..., no ellipse transformation is computed. If I add the 
definitions in the form of a +towgs84 string (the same for both 
projections),  the ellipses are computed correctly. There is probably 
some if-statement somewhere that skips the datum (and ellipse!) 
computation when both datums are the same. Would it be possible to 
remove that if-statement when ellipse-parameters are also given?


Frank Warmerdam wrote:
> Jan Hartmann wrote:
>> Hi,
>> This is something I have long been banging my head against. I think it 
>> is a bug, but I am not sure. If I take a lat-lon value, computed on a 
>> particular ellipsoid, and convert it to the lat-lon value on another 
>> ellipsoid, I should get a different value, right? (e.g. cs2cs 
>> +proj=longlat +ellps=bessel +to +proj=longlat +ellps=WGS84). PROJ4 
>> always gives the same value, but I have an extensive list of coordinates 
>> of church towers in the Netherlands with their lat-lon values in 1850, 
>> based an a slightly smaller ellipsoid than we use nowadays, and the 
>> lat-lon of the same towers derived from our modern RD-system, based on 
>> the Bessel-ellipsoid, and without the WGS84 correction. There is a 
>> systematic difference of about 50 meters. If I do the same computation 
>> with the projected coordinates, I get the correct answer. Moreover, in 
>> that case the transformation changes when I change the 
>> ellipse-parameter, something that does not happen with lat-lon coordinates.
>> So, is this a bug in PROJ? If so, can someone with geodetic experience 
>> here explain to me how people can get different lat-lon values for the 
>> same point, based on astronomical measurements?
> Jan,
> As of PROJ 4.6.0, the policy is to not attempt any conversion of lat/long
> values between coordinate systems where only an ellipsoid is given.  So, to
> get a datum shift it is now necessary to provide some sort of datum
> shift information for both the source and destination coordinate systems.
> This is a deliberate change of policy to avoid lots of other complaints in
> the past.
> I would suggest using something appropriate like +datum=potsdam for your
> Bessel data, and +datum=WGS84 instead of +ellps=WGS84.
> Best regards,
-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
URL: http://lists.maptools.org/pipermail/proj/attachments/20090127/5fcaf815/attachment.htm 

More information about the Proj mailing list