[Proj] trying to understand results of reprojecting from epsg 4326 to epsg 31370

Moritz Lennert mlennert at club.worldonline.be
Tue Jul 7 09:14:50 EST 2009


I'm trying to reproject the following WGS84 Lat-Long (EPSG 4326) 
coordinates to the Belgian 1972 projection EPSG 31370:

4.468493 50.856057

Using the official software from the Belgian National Geographic 
Institute, I get the following coordinates (confirmed by a contact in 
the Institute):

157022.870 171745.084

Using cs2cs +init=epsg:4326 +to +init=epsg:31370, I get

157201.51    171803.24

i.e. way off the official response.

31370 is defined as

+proj=lcc +lat_1=51.16666723333333 +lat_2=49.8333339 +lat_0=90 
+lon_0=4.367486666666666 +x_0=150000.013 +y_0=5400088.438 +ellps=intl 
+towgs84=106.869,-52.2978,103.724,-0.33657,0.456955,-1.84218,1 +units=m 

so datum transformation is defined.

The transformation parameters are confirmed by the Belgian Institute 
(http://www.ign.be/FR/FR2-1-2.shtm), which considers ETRS89 to be 
equivalent to WGS84:

Paramètres de ETRS89 vers BD72
Tx 	106.868628
Ty 	-52.297783
Tz 	103.723893
Rx 	0.336570
Ry 	-0.456955
Rz 	1.842183
scale 	1.0000012747

As these parameters are in the direction fromwgs84, they should be 
negated to get the inverse transformation. So, IIUC, 31370 should 
actually be defined as:

+proj=lcc +lat_1=51.16666723333333 +lat_2=49.8333339 +lat_0=90 
+lon_0=4.367486666666666 +x_0=150000.013 +y_0=5400088.438 +ellps=intl 
+towgs84=-106.869,52.2978,-103.724,-0.33657,0.456955,-1.84218,1 +units=m 

When I try this, I get:
157080.62	171775.09

Much close, but still no good. The Institute also use a correction grid, 
but this should only change accuracy at the centimeter level.

Interestingly enough, when I use the 3-parameter transformation given by 
EPSG 1610:

+proj=lcc +lat_2=51.16666723333333 +lat_1=49.8333339 +lat_0=90 
+lon_0=4.367486666666666 +x_0=150000.013 +y_0=5400088.438 +ellps=intl 
+towgs84=-125.8,79.9,-100.5 +units=m +no_defs

I get perfect results:
157022.80    171745.11

Does anyone have an explanation for this behaviour ?


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